In education, scaffolding refers to a variety of instructional techniques used to move students progressively toward stronger understanding and, ultimately, greater independence in the learning process. When teaching students to swim, we use the scaffolding techniques to provide successive levels of temporary support that help students become independent and reach higher levels of skill acquisition that they would not be able to achieve without assistance. Like physical scaffolding, the supportive strategies are incrementally removed when they are no longer needed, and the teacher gradually shifts more responsibility over the learning process to the student.
* Learning always precedes from THE KNOWN to THE NEW.
* GOOD TEACHING recognizes and builds on this
* A student learning new skills and concepts is like a carpenter building a house.
* In order to build the house safely and correctly, carpenters needs to stand on scaffolding until they are ready to move on to the next stage of construction.
* The construction of learning starts from the ground up.
* The NEW is built on top of the KNOWN.
* In the learning environment, teachers provide SCAFFOLDING to support the construction of NEW LEARNING for individual and groups of students.